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Table 3 Influenza-associated excess deaths in Germany, 1991–2001, estimated by relative mortality distribution modelling

From: Influenza associated excess mortality in Germany, 1985 – 2001

Influenza season Crude estimatea Conservativeb
1990 / 91 3670 60
1991 / 92 12676 3345
1992 / 93 15281 10003
1993 / 94 6304 2241
1994 / 95 7911 2738
1995 / 96 33234 21365
1996 / 97 12338 4535
1997 / 98 9296 2172
1998 / 99 21907 15854
1999 / 00 15854 7896
2000 / 01 11136 5757
Total 138471 70209
Average 13601 6906
  1. a observed number of deaths minus expected number of deaths
  2. b observed number of deaths minus upper 90% confidence limit of expected number of deaths