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Table 3 Deaths and SMRs* in male immigrants from the indian sub continent (aged 20 and over; total deaths = 4,352)

From: Seven mistakes and potential solutions in epidemiology, including a call for a World Council of Epidemiology and Causality

By rank order of number of deaths (absolute risk approach) By rank order of SMR (relative risk approach)
Cause Number of Deaths
(SMR)
% of Total deaths Cause SMR (Number of Deaths) % of Total deaths
Ischaemic heart disease 1533 (115) 35.2 Homicide 341 (21) 0.5
Cerebrovascular disease 438 (108) 10.1 Liver and intrahepatic bile duct neoplasm 338 (19) 0.4
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma 223 (77) 5.1 Tuberculosis 315 (64) 1.5
Neoplasm of the trachea, bronchus and lung 218 (53) 5.0 Diabetes mellitus 188 (55) 1.3
Other non-viral pneumonia 214 (100) 4.9 Neoplasm of buccal cavity and pharynx 178 (28) 0.6
TOTAL 2626 60.3   187 4.3
  1. *Standardised mortality ratios, comparing with the male population of England and Wales, which was by definition 100.
  2. This table is adapted from the version published by Senior and Bhopal (1994) and republished by Bhopal in reference 5.
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