Skip to main content

Table 5 Household characteristics at the onset of the armed conflict in Côte d'Ivoire (first survey, August 2002) and households' socioeconomic fate during the armed conflict.

From: Effect of an armed conflict on relative socioeconomic position of rural households: case study from western Côte d'Ivoire

Characteristics Socioeconomic fate  
  'Worse-off' 'Even' 'Better-off' p-value
Head of household (% of households with the same socioeconomic fate)
   Sex: male 92.9 89.7 91.7  
   Sex: female 7.1 10.3 8.3 0.999*
   Education: no 78.6 55.8 66.7  
   Education: primary 21.4 32.1 25.0  
   Education: higher 0.0 12.2 8.3 0.559*
   Occupation: farmer 100.0 85.3 100.0  
   Occupation: merchant 0.0 2.6 0.0  
   Occupation: retiree 0.0 5.8 0.0  
   Occupation: teacher 0.0 1.9 0.0  
   Occupation: others 0.0 4.5 0.0 0.999*
Household composition (averages based on counts)
   Average no. of inhabitants 10.6 9.6 8.3 0.872**
   Average no. of males 4.7 5.0 4.25 0.804**
   Average no. children (< 16 years) 5.6 4.8 3.8 0.804**
Accessibility (% of households with the same socioeconomic fate)
   Gravel road 7.1 35.3 25.0  
   Minor road 50.0 26.3 33.3  
   Main road 42.9 38.5 41.7 0.162*
Located in village with the following economic activities (% of households with the same socioeconomic fate)
   Subsistence farming 100.0 100.0 100.0 1.000*
   Agricultural production 100.0 100.0 100.0 1.000*
   Trade 42.9 40.4 33.3 0.899*
   Fishing 28.6 40.4 41.7 0.765*
   Wood processing 28.6 14.7 16.7 0.765*
   Artisanry 0.0 4.5 8.3 0.765*
  1. * Based on Fisher's exact test
  2. ** Based on Kruskal-Wallis test