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Table 3 Prevalence of ownership of household durable assets, housing characteristics and utility and sanitation variables in rural (Wuyi village) and peri-urban (Laogang village) settings of Hunan province, China

From: Comparison of two approaches for measuring household wealth via an asset-based index in rural and peri-urban settings of Hunan province, China

Variable Rural (n = 258) Peri-urban (n = 246) χ2 p-value
Household durable assets     
   1 Own house 236 (91.5) 209 (85.0) 9.5 0.002
   2 Own land 216 (83.7) 55 (22.4) 212.9 < 0.001
   3 Own animals 229 (88.8) 46 (18.7) 253.5 < 0.001
   4 Gas rice cooker 134 (51.9) 241 (98.0) 139.1 < 0.001
   5 Microwave 215 (83.3) 227 (92.3) 8.8 0.003
   6 Black/white TV 22 (8.5) 10 (4.1) 4.4 0.037
   7 Color TV 236 (91.5) 228 (92.7) 0.1 0.720
   8 VCR 136 (52.7) 101 (41.6) 6.5 0.011
   9 Satellite dish 82 (31.8) 6 (2.4) 75.7 < 0.001
   10 Phone line 134 (51.9) 157 (63.8) 7.1 0.008
   11 Mobile phone 82 (31.8) 142 (57.7) 33.9 < 0.001
   12 Bicycle 161 (62.4) 18 (7.3) 167.9 < 0.001
   13 Motorbike 81 (31.4) 18 (7.3) 46.6 < 0.001
   14 Electric fan 246 (95.3) 238 (96.7) 0.2 0.694
   15 Air conditioner 9 (3.5) 62 (25.2) 48.8 < 0.001
   16 Fridge 50 (19.4) 138 (56.1) 72.1 < 0.001
   17 Washing machine 124 (48.1) 172 (69.9) 23.9 < 0.001
   18 Simple tractor 4 (1.6) 1 (0.4) 1.7 0.194
   19 Expensive tractor 8 (3.1) 1 (0.4) 6.3 0.022
   20 Truck 1 (0.4) 2 (0.8) 0.4 0.537
   21 Boat 106 (41.1) 24 (9.8) 65.6 < 0.001
   22 Car 1 (0.4) 7 (2.8) 4.8 0.028
Housing characteristics     
   23 Weak brick walls 233 (90.3) 134 (54.5) 81.7 < 0.001
   24 Strong brick walls 1 (0.4) 112 (45.5) 147.5 < 0.001
   25 Wooden walls 22 (8.5) 0 21.9 < 0.001
   26 Weak brick roof 169 (65.5) 40 (16.3) 125.8 < 0.001
   27 Strong brick roof 86 (33.3) 206 (83.7) 131.3 < 0.001
   28 Wooden roof 1 (0.4) 0 1.0 0.328
   29 Mud floor 28 (10.9) 3 (1.2) 20.2 < 0.001
   30 Cement floor 155 (60.1) 68 (27.6) 53.7 < 0.001
   31 Porcelain floor 57 (22.1) 174 (70.7) 120.0 < 0.001
   32 Wooden floor 16 (6.2) 1 (0.4) 13.0 < 0.001
Utility and sanitation     
   33 Tap water 5 (1.9) 246 (100.0) 483.4 < 0.001
   34 Hand pump water 254 (98.4) 1 (0.4) 487.2 < 0.001
   35 Flushable toilet 96 (37.2) 215 (87.4) 133.4 < 0.001
   36 Medicine at home 12 (4.7) 95 (38.6) 86.6 < 0.001
   37 Soap 256 (99.2) 242 (98.4) 1.1 0.293
   38 Over-crowding 32 (12.4) 16 (6.5) 5.1 0.024