Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-economic characteristics of study households at baseline survey (n= 1992)

From: The effect of improved rural sanitation on diarrhoea and helminth infection: design of a cluster-randomized trial in Orissa, India

Characteristics Intervention Control
Average persons per HH (SD) 6.4 (2.8) 6.3 (2.8)
Education level HH head, %   
None 27 31
Primary school not completed 22 19
Primary school completed 39 34
Some secondary school 12 17
Education level caregiver, %   
None 17 17
Primary school not completed 14 12
Primary school completed 50 50
Some secondary school 18 21
Caste, %   
Scheduled caste 18 22
Scheduled tribe 1 0
Other backward caste 39 35
Other caste 23 25
No information 18 18
Has BPL card 42 45
House structure   
Cement wall and roof (Pucca) 42 37
Cement wall (semi Pucca) 21 20
No cement (Kuchha) 37 43
Electricity, % 79 73
Owns agricultural land, % 76 74
Owns poultry/livestock, % 59 59
Water source, %   
Piped water 3 4
Deep tube well 38 39
Shallow tube well 41 44
Open well 9 2
River/lake/pond/canal 5 7
Other 4 4
Location of water source, %   
In own dwelling 18 15
In own compound 13 12
Outside compound 70 73
Access to a latrine, % 10 11
  1. HH, household; BPL, below poverty line, certified by a government-issued card.