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Table 1 CSMF ratio by recall periods (0–5 month vs. 6–11 months) with 99 % CI, according to WHO 2012 VA cause of death groups

From: Effects of recall time on cause-of-death findings using verbal autopsy: empirical evidence from rural South Africa

Cause of death CSMF ratio 99 % CI
01.01 Sepsis (non-obstetric) 1.61 0.63–4.11
01.02 Acute resp infect. incl pneumonia 1.34 1.13–1.57*
01.03 HIV/AIDS related death 1.03 0.93–1.13
01.04 Diarrhoeal diseases 1.52 1.08–2.14*
01.05 Malaria 0.74 0.48–1.15
01.06 Measles 1.04 0.19–5.67
01.07 Meningitis and encephalitis 1.52 0.71–3.25
01.09 Pulmonary tuberculosis 1.07 0.97–1.19
01.10 Pertussis 0.89 0.36–2.24
01.11 Haemorrhagic fever 1.43 0.14–14.21
01.99 Other and unspecified infect dis 1.13 0.51–2.55
02.01 Oral neoplasms 1.45 0.41–5.07
02.02 Digestive neoplasms 0.83 0.63–1.09
02.03 Respiratory neoplasms 0.87 0.64–1.18
02.04 Breast neoplasms 0.61 0.25–1.49
02.05. 02.06 Reproductive neoplasms M.F 1.29 0.73–2.27
02.99 Other and unspecified neoplasms 1.03 0.70–1.51
03.01 Severe anaemia 1.01 0.07–13.91
03.02 Severe malnutrition 0.80 0.42–1.55
03.03 Diabetes mellitus 1.16 0.86–1.55
04.01 Acute cardiac disease 1.25 0.62–2.53
04.02 Stroke 1.10 0.85–1.43
04.99 Other and unspecified cardiac dis 1.09 0.84–1.42
05.01 Chronic obstructive pulmonary dis 1.12 0.83–1.51
05.02 Asthma 1.23 0.89–1.71
06.01 Acute abdomen 0.91 0.59–1.39
06.02 Liver cirrhosis 1.02 0.50–2.06
07.01 Renal failure 0.72 0.27–1.92
08.01 Epilepsy 1.33 0.60–2.96
09.00 Maternal 0.91 0.42–1.96
10.01 Prematurity 1.12 0.41–3.09
10.02 Birth asphyxia 1.74 0.83–3.65
10.03 Neonatal pneumonia 1.55 0.93–2.61
10.04 Neonatal sepsis 0.85 0.23–3.06
10.06 Congenital malformation 1.40 0.33–5.88
10.99 Other and unspecified neonatal CoD 1.20 0.45–3.21
12.01 Road traffic accident 0.95 0.71–1.29
12.04 Accidental drowning and submersion 0.47 0.14–1.56
12.05 Accidental exposure to smoke, fire & flame 1.31 0.56–3.08
12.07 Accidental poisoning and noxious subs 0.47 0.09–2.37
12.08 Intentional self-harm 0.90 0.55–1.47
12.09 Assault 0.87 0.65–1.16
12.99 Other and unspecified external CoD 0.46 0.14–1.46
98 Other and unspecified NCD 1.75 1.02–2.98*
99 Indeterminate 1.05 0.91–1.20
  1. * CSMF ratio between the 0–5 and 6–11 months recall groups significantly different from unity