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Table 1 HIV testing response percentages and observed HIV prevalence estimates for 29 DHS with testing by sex

From: Role of survey response rates on valid inference: an application to HIV prevalence estimates

Country Year Females Males HIV F:M Prev ratio p value
Age range # eligible HIV testing HIV Resp % Obs HIV Prev % Age range # eligible HIV testing HIV Resp % Obs HIV Prev
Burkina Faso 2003 15–49 4575 92.3 1.83 15–59 3984 85.8 1.94 0.94 0.77
Cameroon 2004 15–49 5703 92.1 6.75 15–59 5676 89.9 3.91 1.73 < 0.01
Congo Brazzavile 2009 15–49 6804 93.3 4.12 15–49 6143 93.7 2.06 2.00 < 0.01
Congo DR 2007 15–49 5127 91.0 1.62 15–59 4985 88.4 0.92 1.76 0.02
Cote d’Ivoire 2005 15–49 5772 78.6 6.41 15–49 5148 75.6 2.86 2.24 < 0.01
Ethiopia 2005 15–49 7142 83.4 1.86 15–59 6778 75.5 0.91 2.04 < 0.01
Ghana 2003 15–49 5949 89.1 2.70 15–59 5345 79.9 1.66 1.62 < 0.01
Guinea 2005 15–49 4189 92.4 1.87 15–59 3360 88.0 1.09 1.72 0.02
Kenya 2003 15–49 4303 76.3 8.70 15–54 4183 70.3 4.71 1.85 < 0.01
Kenya 2008/09 15–49 4418 86.4 7.98 15–54 3910 79.9 4.55 1.75 < 0.01
Lesotho 2004 15–49 3758 80.7 26.37 15–59 3305 68.0 18.94 1.39 < 0.01
Lesotho 2009 15–49 4112 93.8 26.68 15–59 3494 88.2 18.44 1.45 < 0.01
Liberia 2007 15–49 7448 87.7 1.92 15–49 6476 80.9 1.22 1.57 0.01
Malawi 2004 15–49 4071 70.4 13.32 15–54 3797 63.3 10.23 1.30 < 0.01
Malawi 2010 15–49 8174 90.8 12.88 15–54 7783 84.1 8.39 1.54 < 0.01
Mali 2001 15–49 4556 84.8 2.05 15–59 4062 75.6 1.33 1.54 0.07
Mali 2006 15–49 5157 93.2 1.53 15–59 4643 85.0 1.14 1.34 0.20
Mozambique 2009 15–64 6749 87.7 12.67 15–64 5319 83.0 9.04 1.40 < 0.01
Niger 2006 15–49 4899 92.0 0.70 15–59 3839 85.2 0.72 0.97 0.91
Rwanda 2005 15–49 5837 97.3 3.61 15–59 4959 95.6 2.24 1.61 < 0.01
SaoTome/Principe 2008/09 15–49 2913 89.7 1.29 15–59 3047 72.5 1.79 0.72 0.26
Senegal 2005 15–49 5350 84.5 0.89 15–59 4375 75.5 0.43 2.05 0.05
Sierra Leone 2008 15–49 3954 89.5 1.73 15–59 3541 86.7 1.16 1.49 0.10
Swaziland 2006/07 15–49 5301 87.2 31.12 15–49 4675 77.6 19.67 1.58 < 0.01
Tanzania 2003/04 15–49 7154 83.4 7.70 15–49 6196 77.1 6.26 1.23 0.01
Tanzania 2007/08 15–49 9735 89.5 6.61 15–49 7935 79.8 4.56 1.45 < 0.01
Zambia 2001/02 15–49 2689 79.3 17.79 15–59 2418 73.3 12.62 1.41 < 0.01
Zambia 2007 15–49 7408 77.1 16.09 15–59 7146 72.3 12.29 1.31 < 0.01
Zimbabwe 2005/06 15–49 9870 75.9 21.12 15–54 8761 63.4 14.75 1.43 < 0.01
  1. Resp response, Obs observed, Prev prevalence, F:M female to male; p value testing equivalence of observed prevalence between female and male subjects