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Table 4 Sociodemographic characteristics of participating adult asylum seekers and refugees, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, 2018

From: Health monitoring among asylum seekers and refugees: a state-wide, cross-sectional, population-based study in Germany

  Male Female Total
Age group n (%) n (%) n (%)
18–25 77 (32.8) 31 (27.9) 108 (31.2)
26–30 48 (20.4) 14 (12.6) 62 (17.9)
31–35 37 (15.7) 22 (19.8) 59 (17.1)
36–40 29 (12.3) 20 (18.0) 49 (14.2)
41 + 44 (18.7) 24 (21.6) 68 (19.7)
N (%) 235 (100.0) 111 (100.0) 346 (100.0)
Nationality n (%) n (%) n (%)
Afghanistan 51 (20.6) 29 (25.7) 80 (22.2)
Syria 34 (13.8) 18 (15.9) 52 (14.4)
Gambia 36 (14.6) 0 (0.0) 36 (10.0)
Iraq 23 (9.3) 12 (10.6) 35 (9.7)
Iran 19 (7.7) 6 (5.3) 25 (6.9)
Nigeria 10 (4.0) 9 (8.0) 19 (5.3)
Turkey 9 (3.6) 8 (7.1) 17 (4.7)
Russia 5 (2.0) 7 (6.2) 12 (3.3)
Cameroon 7 (2.8) 2 (1.8) 9 (2.5)
Other 53 (21.4) 22 (19.5) 75 (20.8)
N (%) 247 (100.0) 113 (100.0) 360 (100.0)
Mother tongue n (%) n (%) n (%)
Arabic 43 (17.6) 16 (14.0) 59 (16.4)
Dari 27 (11.0) 16 (14.0) 43 (12.0)
Kurdish 25 (10.2) 17 (14.9) 42 (11.7)
Farsi 23 (9.4) 9 (7.9) 32 (8.9)
Mandinka 24 (9.8) 0 (0.0) 24 (6.7)
Turkish 7 (2.9) 5 (4.4) 12 (3.3)
English 6 (2.4) 4 (3.5) 10 (2.8)
Tigrinya 8 (3.3) 1 (0.9) 9 (2.5)
French 4 (1.6) 2 (1.8) 6 (1.7)
Other 53 (21.6) 25 (21.9) 78 (21.7)
Multiple 25 (10.2) 19 (16.7) 44 (12.3)
N (%) 245 (100.0) 114 (100.0) 359 (100.0)
Residence status n (%) n (%) n (%)
Asylum seeker 119 (55.1) 52 (53.1) 171 (54.5)
Asylum granted 49 (22.7) 25 (25.5) 74 (23.6)
Asylum status rejected 29 (13.4) 9 (9.2) 38 (12.1)
Toleration (‘Duldung’) 19 (8.8) 12 (12.2) 31 (9.9)
N (%) 216 (100.0) 98 (100.0) 314 (100.0)
Months since arrival in Germany n (%) n (%) n (%)
0–6 months 5 (2.2) 4 (3.8) 9 (2.7)
6–12 months 36 (15.8) 21 (20.0) 57 (17.1)
13–15 months 62 (27.2) 26 (24.8) 88 (26.4)
16–24 months 101 (44.3) 44 (41.9) 145 (43.5)
24–36 months 24 (10.5) 10 (9.5) 34 (10.2)
N (%) 228 (100.0) 105 (100.0) 333 (100.0)
Family status n (%) n (%) n (%)
Married 113 (45.6) 81 (71.7) 194 (53.7)
Single 124 (50.0) 20 (17.7) 144 (39.9)
Divorced 7 (2.8) 7 (6.2) 14 (3.9)
Partnership 4 (1.6) 3 (2.7) 7 (1.9)
Widowed 0 (0.0) 2 (1.8) 2 (0.6)
N (%) 248 (100.0) 113 (100.0) 361 (100.0)
Subjective social status in Germany n (%) n (%) n (%)
Low 131 (68.6) 66 (72.5) 197 (69.9)
Medium 37 (19.4) 19 (20.9) 56 (19.9)
High 23 (12.0) 6 (6.6) 29 (10.3)
N (%) 191 (100.0) 91 (100.0) 282 (100.0)
Subjective social status in country of origin n (%) n (%) n (%)
Low 77 (38.9) 38 (40.9) 115 (39.5)
Medium 49 (24.7) 32 (34.4) 81 (27.8)
High 72 (36.4) 23 (24.7) 95 (32.7)
N (%) 198 (100.0) 93 (100.0) 291 (100.0)
Household equivalised income (quintiles) n (%) n (%) n (%)
€153–€265 52 (26.5) 12 (13.2) 64 (22.3)
€266–€375 52 (26.5) 13 (14.3) 65 (22.6)
€376–€459 19 (9.7) 22 (24.2) 41 (14.3)
€460–€563 31 (15.8) 28 (30.8) 59 (20.6)
€564–€3250 42 (21.4) 16 (17.6) 58 (20.2)
N (%) 196 (100.0) 91 (100.0) 287 (100.0)
Education n (%) n (%) n (%)
1 (low) 41 (22.2) 33 (36.7) 74 (26.9)
2 17 (9.2) 5 (5.6) 22 (8.0)
3 33 (17.8) 17 (18.9) 50 (18.2)
4 48 (25.9) 21 (23.3) 69 (25.1)
5 34 (18.4) 8 (8.9) 42 (15.3)
6 (high) 12 (6.5) 6 (6.7) 18 (6.5)
N (%) 185 (100.0) 90 (100.0) 275 (100.0)
Employment n (%) n (%) n (%)
Unemployed 107 (48.6) 41 (41.4) 148 (46.4)
Pupil or student 51 (23.2) 8 (8.1) 59 (18.5)
Working 35 (15.9) 6 (6.1) 41 (12.9)
Domestic work 1 (0.5) 39 (39.4) 40 (12.5)
Disabled 7 (3.2) 0 (0.0) 7 (2.2)
Retired 4 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 4 (1.3)
Other 15 (6.8) 5 (5.1) 20 (6.3)
N (%) 220 (100.0) 99 (100.0) 319 (100.0)
  1. N, n: absolute frequency. Figures in brackets: column percentage