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  1. Research article

    Vulnerability of Brazilian municipalities to hantavirus infections based on multi-criteria decision analysis

    Hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonosis transmitted by wild rodents. In Brazil, high case-fatality rates among humans infected with hantavirus are of serious concern to public health authorities. Appropri...

    Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Lidsy Ximenes Fonseca, Keline Medeiros de Araújo Vilges, Fernanda Voietta Pinna Maniglia, Simone Valéria Costa Pereira, Eduardo Pacheco de Caldas, Pedro Luiz Tauil and Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:15

    Published on: 1 October 2015

  2. Analytic perspective

    Applying the Bradford Hill criteria in the 21st century: how data integration has changed causal inference in molecular epidemiology

    In 1965, Sir Austin Bradford Hill published nine “viewpoints” to help determine if observed epidemiologic associations are causal. Since then, the “Bradford Hill Criteria” have become the most frequently cited...

    Kristen M. Fedak, Autumn Bernal, Zachary A. Capshaw and Sherilyn Gross

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:14

    Published on: 30 September 2015

  3. Methodology

    Development of an international scale of socio-economic position based on household assets

    The importance of studying associations between socio-economic position and health has often been highlighted. Previous studies have linked the prevalence and severity of lung disease with national wealth and ...

    John Townend, Cosetta Minelli, Imed Harrabi, Daniel O. Obaseki, Karima El-Rhazi, Jaymini Patel and Peter Burney

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:13

    Published on: 22 September 2015

  4. Research article

    Sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers tested at STI clinics in the Netherlands, 2006–2013

    Specialised sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in the Netherlands provide STI care for high-risk groups, including female sex workers (FSW), at the clinic and by outreach visiting commercial sex work...

    Maud M. A. Verscheijden, Petra J. Woestenberg, Hannelore M. Götz, Maaike G. van Veen, Femke D. H. Koedijk and Birgit H. B. van Benthem

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:12

    Published on: 28 August 2015

  5. Analytic perspective

    What’s more general than a whole population?

    Statistical inference is commonly said to be inapplicable to complete population studies, such as censuses, due to the absence of sampling variability. Nevertheless, in recent years, studies of whole populatio...

    Neal Alexander

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:11

    Published on: 25 August 2015

  6. Analytic perspective

    Adjustment for physical activity in studies of sedentary behaviour

    Sedentary behaviour (too much sitting, as distinct from too little exercise) has emerged as a potentially significant public health issue. Analytically, researchers have reported ‘independent’ associations bet...

    Andrew Page, Geeske Peeters and Dafna Merom

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:10

    Published on: 9 July 2015

  7. Research article

    Children and youth with ‘unspecified injury to the head’: implications for traumatic brain injury research and surveillance

    The case definition for traumatic brain injury (TBI) often includes ‘unspecified injury to the head’ diagnostic codes. However, research has shown that the inclusion of these codes leads to false positives. As...

    Vincy Chan, Robert E. Mann, Jason D. Pole and Angela Colantonio

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:9

    Published on: 25 June 2015

  8. Debate

    Is uncertainty in complex disease epidemiology resolvable?

    The imposed limitations on what we can know about nature have been long recognized. Yet in the field of epidemiology a futile search for lifestyle-related risk factors for common chronic diseases continues una...

    Wasim Maziak

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:7

    Published on: 9 May 2015

  9. Reviewer acknowledgement

    Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers 2014

    The editor of Emerging Themes in Epidemiology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2014).

    Clarence Tam

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:6

    Published on: 19 April 2015

  10. Research article

    Assessing bias in administrative database studies of RotaTeq vaccine completion due to exclusion of subjects with incomplete follow-up

    RotaTeq® pentavalent human rotavirus vaccine (RV5) is effective against rotavirus illness and rotavirus-related hospitalizations and death. Effectiveness depends on adherence to the dosing schedule, which incl...

    Stephan Lanes, Scott C Quinlan, T Christopher Mast, Sander Greenland and Crystal N Holick

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:5

    Published on: 18 April 2015

  11. Research article

    Socioeconomic disadvantage in childhood as a predictor of excessive gestational weight gain and obesity in midlife adulthood

    Lower childhood socioeconomic position is associated with greater risk of adult obesity among women, but not men. Pregnancy-related weight changes may contribute to this gender difference. The objectives of th...

    Benjamin W Chaffee, Barbara Abrams, Alison K Cohen and David H Rehkopf

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:4

    Published on: 6 March 2015

  12. Commentary

    Pilgrims and MERS-CoV: what’s the risk?

    The risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus spreading globally is worrying, given the annual mass gathering of the Hajj and the year-long influx of pilgrims undertaking the Umrah. Based on the inc...

    Tarek Soliman, Alex R Cook and Richard J Coker

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:3

    Published on: 18 February 2015

  13. Research article

    Quantitatively evaluating the effect of social barriers: a case–control study of family members’ opposition and women’s intention to use contraception in Pakistan

    Uptake of family planning services in Pakistan has remained slow over the past decade despite a rapid increase in availability and awareness, indicating that social barriers may be preventing uptake. Social ba...

    Mishal S Khan, Farah Naz Hashmani, Owais Ahmed, Minaal Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Shershah Syed and Fahad Qazi

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:2

    Published on: 24 January 2015

  14. Research article

    The impact of childhood vaccines on bacterial carriage in the nasopharynx: a longitudinal study

    There is increasing evidence that childhood vaccines have effects that extend beyond their target disease. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of routine childhood vaccines on bacterial carri...

    Christian Bottomley, Abdoulie Bojang, Peter G Smith, Ousainou Darboe, Martin Antonio, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Beate Kampmann, Brian Greenwood, Umberto D’Alessandro and Anna Roca

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:1

    Published on: 16 January 2015

  15. Research article

    Risk factors for tuberculosis in older children and adolescents: a matched case–control study in Recife, Brazil

    Tuberculosis is a major disease worldwide and most research focus on risk factors for adults, although there is a marked adolescent peak in incidence. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors f...

    Hilary Stevens, Ricardo AA Ximenes, Odimariles MS Dantas and Laura C Rodrigues

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:20

    Published on: 30 December 2014

  16. Analytic perspective

    Surveillance systems for neglected tropical diseases: global lessons from China’s evolving schistosomiasis reporting systems, 1949–2014

    Though it has been a focus of the country’s public health surveillance systems since the 1950s, schistosomiasis represents an ongoing public health challenge in China. Parallel, schistosomiasis-specific survei...

    Song Liang, Changhong Yang, Bo Zhong, Jiagang Guo, Huazhong Li, Elizabeth J Carlton, Matthew C Freeman and Justin V Remais

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:19

    Published on: 25 November 2014

  17. Research article

    Travel-related MERS-CoV cases: an assessment of exposures and risk factors in a group of Dutch travellers returning from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, May 2014

    In May 2014, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, with closely related viral genomes, was diagnosed in two Dutch residents, returning from a pilgrimage to Medina and Mecca, Kingdo...

    Ewout B Fanoy, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Kees Dirksen, Marcel Jonges, Wim van der Hoek, Marion PG Koopmans, Douwe van der Werf, Gerard Sonder, Charlie van der Weijden, Jet van der Heuvel, Luc Gelinck, Jolande W Bouwhuis and Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:16

    Published on: 17 October 2014

  18. Research article

    Effectiveness of post-exposition prophylaxis with oseltamivir in nursing homes: a randomised controlled trial over four seasons

    Oseltamivir has been registered for use as post-exposition prophylaxis (PEP) following exposure to influenza, based on studies among healthy adults. Effectiveness among frail elderly nursing home populations s...

    Marianne AB van der Sande, Adam Meijer, Fatmagül Şen-Kerpiclik, Remko Enserink, Herman JM Cools, Piet Overduin, José M Ferreira and Marie-José Veldman-Ariessen

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:13

    Published on: 10 September 2014

  19. Research article

    Increasing sexually transmitted infection rates in young men having sex with men in the Netherlands, 2006–2012

    Men having sex with men (MSM) remain the largest high-risk group involved in on-going transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV, in the Netherlands. As risk behaviour may change with...

    Femke DH Koedijk, Birgit HB van Benthem, Eliane MDC Vrolings, Wim Zuilhof and Marianne AB van der Sande

    Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:12

    Published on: 28 August 2014

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