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Emerging Themes in Epidemiology

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Childhood growth is a cornerstone of pediatric research. Statistical models need to consider individual trajectories to adequately describe growth outcomes. Specifically, well-defined longitudinal models are e...

    Authors: Laura M. Grajeda, Andrada Ivanescu, Mayuko Saito, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Devan Jaganath, Robert H. Gilman, Jean E. Crabtree, Dermott Kelleher, Lilia Cabrera, Vitaliano Cama and William Checkley

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:1

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological analyses of aggregated data are often used to evaluate theoretical health effects of natural disasters. Such analyses are susceptible to confounding by unmeasured differences between the expos...

    Authors: Shannon C. Grabich, Whitney R. Robinson, Stephanie M. Engel, Charles E. Konrad, David B. Richardson and Jennifer A. Horney

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:19

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A subgroup of individuals becomes entrenched in a “revolving door” involving corrections, health, and social welfare services. Little research has investigated the numbers of people that are in frequent contac...

    Authors: Julian M. Somers, Stefanie N. Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman and Carmen Zabarauckas

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:17

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  4. Content type: Methodology

    China’s growing population of internal migrants has exceeded 236 million. Driven by rapid development and urbanization, this extreme population mobility creates opportunities for transmission of HIV and sexual...

    Authors: Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Liviana Calzavara, Lucia Light, Ann N. Burchell, Jinma Ren and Laiyi Kang

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:16

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonosis transmitted by wild rodents. In Brazil, high case-fatality rates among humans infected with hantavirus are of serious concern to public health authorities. Appropri...

    Authors: Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Lidsy Ximenes Fonseca, Keline Medeiros de Araújo Vilges, Fernanda Voietta Pinna Maniglia, Simone Valéria Costa Pereira, Eduardo Pacheco de Caldas, Pedro Luiz Tauil and Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:15

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  6. Content type: Analytic perspective

    In 1965, Sir Austin Bradford Hill published nine “viewpoints” to help determine if observed epidemiologic associations are causal. Since then, the “Bradford Hill Criteria” have become the most frequently cited...

    Authors: Kristen M. Fedak, Autumn Bernal, Zachary A. Capshaw and Sherilyn Gross

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:14

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  7. Content type: Methodology

    The importance of studying associations between socio-economic position and health has often been highlighted. Previous studies have linked the prevalence and severity of lung disease with national wealth and ...

    Authors: John Townend, Cosetta Minelli, Imed Harrabi, Daniel O. Obaseki, Karima El-Rhazi, Jaymini Patel and Peter Burney

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:13

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Specialised sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in the Netherlands provide STI care for high-risk groups, including female sex workers (FSW), at the clinic and by outreach visiting commercial sex work...

    Authors: Maud M. A. Verscheijden, Petra J. Woestenberg, Hannelore M. Götz, Maaike G. van Veen, Femke D. H. Koedijk and Birgit H. B. van Benthem

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:12

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  9. Content type: Analytic perspective

    Statistical inference is commonly said to be inapplicable to complete population studies, such as censuses, due to the absence of sampling variability. Nevertheless, in recent years, studies of whole populatio...

    Authors: Neal Alexander

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:11

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  10. Content type: Analytic perspective

    Sedentary behaviour (too much sitting, as distinct from too little exercise) has emerged as a potentially significant public health issue. Analytically, researchers have reported ‘independent’ associations bet...

    Authors: Andrew Page, Geeske Peeters and Dafna Merom

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:10

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The case definition for traumatic brain injury (TBI) often includes ‘unspecified injury to the head’ diagnostic codes. However, research has shown that the inclusion of these codes leads to false positives. As...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Robert E. Mann, Jason D. Pole and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:9

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  12. Content type: Methodology

    Disadvantages have already been pointed out on the use of odds ratio (OR) as a measure of association for designs such as cohort and cross sectional studies, for which relative risk (RR) or prevalence ratio (P...

    Authors: Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti Torman and Suzi Alves Camey

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:8

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  13. Content type: Research article

    RotaTeq® pentavalent human rotavirus vaccine (RV5) is effective against rotavirus illness and rotavirus-related hospitalizations and death. Effectiveness depends on adherence to the dosing schedule, which incl...

    Authors: Stephan Lanes, Scott C Quinlan, T Christopher Mast, Sander Greenland and Crystal N Holick

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:5

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Lower childhood socioeconomic position is associated with greater risk of adult obesity among women, but not men. Pregnancy-related weight changes may contribute to this gender difference. The objectives of th...

    Authors: Benjamin W Chaffee, Barbara Abrams, Alison K Cohen and David H Rehkopf

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:4

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    The risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus spreading globally is worrying, given the annual mass gathering of the Hajj and the year-long influx of pilgrims undertaking the Umrah. Based on the inc...

    Authors: Tarek Soliman, Alex R Cook and Richard J Coker

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:3

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Uptake of family planning services in Pakistan has remained slow over the past decade despite a rapid increase in availability and awareness, indicating that social barriers may be preventing uptake. Social ba...

    Authors: Mishal S Khan, Farah Naz Hashmani, Owais Ahmed, Minaal Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Shershah Syed and Fahad Qazi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:2

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing evidence that childhood vaccines have effects that extend beyond their target disease. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of routine childhood vaccines on bacterial carri...

    Authors: Christian Bottomley, Abdoulie Bojang, Peter G Smith, Ousainou Darboe, Martin Antonio, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Beate Kampmann, Brian Greenwood, Umberto D’Alessandro and Anna Roca

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:1

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  18. Content type: Review

    Aging societies worldwide propose a significant challenge to the model and organisation of the delivery of healthcare services. In developing countries, communicable and non-communicable diseases are affecting...

    Authors: Cesar Henriquez-Camacho, Juan Losa, J Jaime Miranda and Natalie E Cheyne

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:136

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is a major disease worldwide and most research focus on risk factors for adults, although there is a marked adolescent peak in incidence. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors f...

    Authors: Hilary Stevens, Ricardo AA Ximenes, Odimariles MS Dantas and Laura C Rodrigues

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:20

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  20. Content type: Analytic perspective

    Though it has been a focus of the country’s public health surveillance systems since the 1950s, schistosomiasis represents an ongoing public health challenge in China. Parallel, schistosomiasis-specific survei...

    Authors: Song Liang, Changhong Yang, Bo Zhong, Jiagang Guo, Huazhong Li, Elizabeth J Carlton, Matthew C Freeman and Justin V Remais

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:19

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