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  1. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a widely used technique for assigning causes to non-medically certified deaths using information gathered from a close caregiver. Both operational and cultural factors may cause delays i...

    Authors: Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Max Petzold, Mark Collinson, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn and Peter Byass

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It is well known that safe delivery in a health facility reduces the risks of maternal and infant mortality resulting from perinatal complications. What is less understood are the factors associated with safe ...

    Authors: Daniel A. Sprague, Caroline Jeffery, Nadine Crossland, Thomas House, Gareth O. Roberts, William Vargas, Joseph Ouma, Stephen K. Lwanga and Joseph J. Valadez

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Dichotomisation of continuous data has statistical drawbacks such as loss of power but may be useful in epidemiological research to define high risk individuals.

    Authors: Odile Sauzet, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Matthias David, Oliver Razum and Janet L. Peacock

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Wasting is a major public health issue throughout the developing world. Out of the 6.9 million estimated deaths among children under five annually, over 800,000 deaths (11.6 %) are attributed to wasting. Wasti...

    Authors: Severine Frison, Francesco Checchi, Marko Kerac and Jennifer Nicholas

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The issue of poor response rates to population surveys has existed for some decades, but few studies have explored methods to improve the response rate in follow-up population cohort studies.

    Authors: Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Alison Cowle, Emily Banks, Louisa Jorm, Kris Rogers, Bin Jalaludin and Anne Grunseit

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Multivariable confounder adjustment in comparative studies of newly marketed drugs can be limited by small numbers of exposed patients and even fewer outcomes. Disease risk scores (DRSs) developed in historica...

    Authors: Hiraku Kumamaru, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Robert J. Glynn, Soko Setoguchi and Joshua J. Gagne

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:5

    Content type: Methodology

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  7. In 1974 a joint FAO/UNICEF/WHO Expert Committee met to develop methods for nutrition surveillance. There has been much interest and activity in this topic since then, however there is a lack of guidance for pr...

    Authors: Veronica Tuffrey and Andrew Hall

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:4

    Content type: Analytic Perspective

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  8. The emerging burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa threatens the gains made in health by the major international effort to combat infectious diseases. There are few data on distri...

    Authors: Amelia Catharine Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Crispin Musicha, Olivier Koole, Terence Tafatatha, Keith Branson, Jacqueline Saul, Elenaus Mwaiyeghele, Lawrence Nkhwazi, Amos Phiri, Alison Jane Price, Beatrice Mwagomba, Charles Mwansambo, Shabbar Jaffar and Moffat Joha Nyirenda

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:3

    Content type: Methodology

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  9. The obesity epidemic has emerged over the past few decades and is thought to be a result of both genetic and environmental factors. A newly identified factor, the gut microbiota, which is a bacterial ecosystem...

    Authors: Lara R. Dugas, Miles Fuller, Jack Gilbert and Brian T. Layden

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:2

    Content type: Review

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  10. Childhood growth is a cornerstone of pediatric research. Statistical models need to consider individual trajectories to adequately describe growth outcomes. Specifically, well-defined longitudinal models are e...

    Authors: Laura M. Grajeda, Andrada Ivanescu, Mayuko Saito, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Devan Jaganath, Robert H. Gilman, Jean E. Crabtree, Dermott Kelleher, Lilia Cabrera, Vitaliano Cama and William Checkley

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:1

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Epidemiological analyses of aggregated data are often used to evaluate theoretical health effects of natural disasters. Such analyses are susceptible to confounding by unmeasured differences between the expos...

    Authors: Shannon C. Grabich, Whitney R. Robinson, Stephanie M. Engel, Charles E. Konrad, David B. Richardson and Jennifer A. Horney

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  12. A subgroup of individuals becomes entrenched in a “revolving door” involving corrections, health, and social welfare services. Little research has investigated the numbers of people that are in frequent contac...

    Authors: Julian M. Somers, Stefanie N. Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman and Carmen Zabarauckas

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  13. China’s growing population of internal migrants has exceeded 236 million. Driven by rapid development and urbanization, this extreme population mobility creates opportunities for transmission of HIV and sexual...

    Authors: Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Liviana Calzavara, Lucia Light, Ann N. Burchell, Jinma Ren and Laiyi Kang

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:16

    Content type: Methodology

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  14. Hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonosis transmitted by wild rodents. In Brazil, high case-fatality rates among humans infected with hantavirus are of serious concern to public health authorities. Appropri...

    Authors: Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Lidsy Ximenes Fonseca, Keline Medeiros de Araújo Vilges, Fernanda Voietta Pinna Maniglia, Simone Valéria Costa Pereira, Eduardo Pacheco de Caldas, Pedro Luiz Tauil and Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:15

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In 1965, Sir Austin Bradford Hill published nine “viewpoints” to help determine if observed epidemiologic associations are causal. Since then, the “Bradford Hill Criteria” have become the most frequently cited...

    Authors: Kristen M. Fedak, Autumn Bernal, Zachary A. Capshaw and Sherilyn Gross

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:14

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  16. The importance of studying associations between socio-economic position and health has often been highlighted. Previous studies have linked the prevalence and severity of lung disease with national wealth and ...

    Authors: John Townend, Cosetta Minelli, Imed Harrabi, Daniel O. Obaseki, Karima El-Rhazi, Jaymini Patel and Peter Burney

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:13

    Content type: Methodology

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  17. Specialised sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in the Netherlands provide STI care for high-risk groups, including female sex workers (FSW), at the clinic and by outreach visiting commercial sex work...

    Authors: Maud M. A. Verscheijden, Petra J. Woestenberg, Hannelore M. Götz, Maaike G. van Veen, Femke D. H. Koedijk and Birgit H. B. van Benthem

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:12

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Statistical inference is commonly said to be inapplicable to complete population studies, such as censuses, due to the absence of sampling variability. Nevertheless, in recent years, studies of whole populatio...

    Authors: Neal Alexander

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:11

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  19. Sedentary behaviour (too much sitting, as distinct from too little exercise) has emerged as a potentially significant public health issue. Analytically, researchers have reported ‘independent’ associations bet...

    Authors: Andrew Page, Geeske Peeters and Dafna Merom

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:10

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  20. The case definition for traumatic brain injury (TBI) often includes ‘unspecified injury to the head’ diagnostic codes. However, research has shown that the inclusion of these codes leads to false positives. As...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Robert E. Mann, Jason D. Pole and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:9

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Disadvantages have already been pointed out on the use of odds ratio (OR) as a measure of association for designs such as cohort and cross sectional studies, for which relative risk (RR) or prevalence ratio (P...

    Authors: Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti Torman and Suzi Alves Camey

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:8

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. RotaTeq® pentavalent human rotavirus vaccine (RV5) is effective against rotavirus illness and rotavirus-related hospitalizations and death. Effectiveness depends on adherence to the dosing schedule, which incl...

    Authors: Stephan Lanes, Scott C Quinlan, T Christopher Mast, Sander Greenland and Crystal N Holick

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:5

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lower childhood socioeconomic position is associated with greater risk of adult obesity among women, but not men. Pregnancy-related weight changes may contribute to this gender difference. The objectives of th...

    Authors: Benjamin W Chaffee, Barbara Abrams, Alison K Cohen and David H Rehkopf

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus spreading globally is worrying, given the annual mass gathering of the Hajj and the year-long influx of pilgrims undertaking the Umrah. Based on the inc...

    Authors: Tarek Soliman, Alex R Cook and Richard J Coker

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:3

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Uptake of family planning services in Pakistan has remained slow over the past decade despite a rapid increase in availability and awareness, indicating that social barriers may be preventing uptake. Social ba...

    Authors: Mishal S Khan, Farah Naz Hashmani, Owais Ahmed, Minaal Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Shershah Syed and Fahad Qazi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:2

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is increasing evidence that childhood vaccines have effects that extend beyond their target disease. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of routine childhood vaccines on bacterial carri...

    Authors: Christian Bottomley, Abdoulie Bojang, Peter G Smith, Ousainou Darboe, Martin Antonio, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Beate Kampmann, Brian Greenwood, Umberto D’Alessandro and Anna Roca

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2015 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Aging societies worldwide propose a significant challenge to the model and organisation of the delivery of healthcare services. In developing countries, communicable and non-communicable diseases are affecting...

    Authors: Cesar Henriquez-Camacho, Juan Losa, J Jaime Miranda and Natalie E Cheyne

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:136

    Content type: Review

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  28. Tuberculosis is a major disease worldwide and most research focus on risk factors for adults, although there is a marked adolescent peak in incidence. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors f...

    Authors: Hilary Stevens, Ricardo AA Ximenes, Odimariles MS Dantas and Laura C Rodrigues

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Though it has been a focus of the country’s public health surveillance systems since the 1950s, schistosomiasis represents an ongoing public health challenge in China. Parallel, schistosomiasis-specific survei...

    Authors: Song Liang, Changhong Yang, Bo Zhong, Jiagang Guo, Huazhong Li, Elizabeth J Carlton, Matthew C Freeman and Justin V Remais

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:19

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  30. In the literature, different shapes of associations have been found between body mass index (BMI) and mortality and some of the findings were opposite to each other. The association of BMI and mortality in a s...

    Authors: Jianghua He, Qing Yu, Huiquan Zhang and Jonathan D Mahnken

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:17

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In May 2014, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, with closely related viral genomes, was diagnosed in two Dutch residents, returning from a pilgrimage to Medina and Mecca, Kingdo...

    Authors: Ewout B Fanoy, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Kees Dirksen, Marcel Jonges, Wim van der Hoek, Marion PG Koopmans, Douwe van der Werf, Gerard Sonder, Charlie van der Weijden, Jet van der Heuvel, Luc Gelinck, Jolande W Bouwhuis and Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Oseltamivir has been registered for use as post-exposition prophylaxis (PEP) following exposure to influenza, based on studies among healthy adults. Effectiveness among frail elderly nursing home populations s...

    Authors: Marianne AB van der Sande, Adam Meijer, Fatmagül Şen-Kerpiclik, Remko Enserink, Herman JM Cools, Piet Overduin, José M Ferreira and Marie-José Veldman-Ariessen

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Men having sex with men (MSM) remain the largest high-risk group involved in on-going transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV, in the Netherlands. As risk behaviour may change with...

    Authors: Femke DH Koedijk, Birgit HB van Benthem, Eliane MDC Vrolings, Wim Zuilhof and Marianne AB van der Sande

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In many areas of clinical investigation there is great interest in identifying and validating surrogate endpoints, biomarkers that can be measured a relatively short time after a treatment has been administere...

    Authors: Julian Wolfson and Lisa Henn

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:14

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  35. Measures of household socio-economic position (SEP) are widely used in health research. There exist a number of approaches to their measurement, with Principal Components Analysis (PCA) applied to a basket of ...

    Authors: Daniel D Reidpath and Keivan Ahmadi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Epidemiology and ecology share many fundamental research questions. Here we describe how principal coordinates of neighbor matrices (PCNM), a method from spatial ecology, can be applied to spatial epidemiology...

    Authors: Ari Voutilainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen and Paula R Sherwood

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:11

    Content type: Methodology

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  37. Population-based, prospective longitudinal cohort studies are considering the issues surrounding returning findings to individuals as a result of genomic and other medical research studies. While guidance is b...

    Authors: Susan E Wallace, Neil M Walker and Jane Elliott

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:10

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  38. The 21st century has seen the rise of Internet-based participatory surveillance systems for infectious diseases. These systems capture voluntarily submitted symptom data from the general public and can aggregate ...

    Authors: Oktawia P Wójcik, John S Brownstein, Rumi Chunara and Michael A Johansson

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:7

    Content type: Review

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  39. The asset index is often used as a measure of socioeconomic status in empirical research as an explanatory variable or to control confounding. Principal component analysis (PCA) is frequently used to create th...

    Authors: MA Yushuf Sharker, Mohammed Nasser, Jaynal Abedin, Benjamin F Arnold and Stephen P Luby

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:6

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  40. It is widely accepted that influenza transmission dynamics vary by age; however methods to quantify the reproductive number by age group are limited. We introduce a simple method to estimate the reproductive n...

    Authors: Laura F White, Brett Archer and Marcello Pagano

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:4

    Content type: Methodology

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  41. Maternal morbidity is more common than maternal death, and population-based estimates of the burden of maternal morbidity could provide important indicators for monitoring trends, priority setting and evaluati...

    Authors: Edward Fottrell, Ulf Högberg, Carine Ronsmans, David Osrin, Kishwar Azad, Nirmala Nair, Nicolas Meda, Rasmane Ganaba, Sourou Goufodji, Peter Byass and Veronique Filippi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:3

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) surveys have become increasingly popular in global health care applications. Incorporating Bayesian ideas into LQAS survey design, such as using reasonable prior beliefs a...

    Authors: Lauren Hund

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2014 11:2

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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