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  1. Chinese journals in epidemiology, preventive medicine and public health contain much that is of potential international interest. However, few non-Chinese speakers are acquainted with this literature. This art...

    Authors: Isaac CH Fung

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:20

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  2. The economy of China continues to boom and so have its biomedical research and related publishing activities. Several so-called neglected tropical diseases that are most common in the developing world are stil...

    Authors: Qin Liu, Li-Guang Tian, Shu-Hua Xiao, Zhen Qi, Peter Steinmann, Tippi K Mak, Jürg Utzinger and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:19

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  3. It is well known that papers written in languages other than English have a great risk of being ignored simply because these languages are not accessible to the international scientific community. The objectiv...

    Authors: Mauricio L Barreto and Rita Barradas Barata

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:18

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  4. There is a multiplicity of journals originating in Spain and the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (SSLAC) in the health sciences of relevance to the fields of epidemiology and publ...

    Authors: John R Williams, Annick Bórquez and María-Gloria Basáñez

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:17

    Content type: Review

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  5. Epidemiology and public health are usually context-specific. Journals published in different languages and countries play a role both as sources of data and as channels through which evidence is incorporated i...

    Authors: Iacopo Baussano, Patrick Brzoska, Ugo Fedeli, Claudia Larouche, Oliver Razum and Isaac C-H Fung

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:16

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  6. In the 20th century, Russian biomedical science experienced a decline from the blossom of the early years to a drastic state. Through the first decades of the USSR, it was transformed to suit the ideological requ...

    Authors: Vasiliy V Vlassov and Kirill D Danishevskiy

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:15

    Content type: Commentary

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  7. The study provides the rationale, history and current status of the Index Medicus for the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region. The Index is unique in combining the geographic coverage of pee...

    Authors: Najeeb Al-Shorbaji

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:14

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  8. Randomized trials are essential in assessing the effects of healthcare interventions and are a key component in systematic reviews of effectiveness. Searching for reports of randomized trials in databases is p...

    Authors: Carol Lefebvre, Anne Eisinga, Steve McDonald and Nina Paul

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:13

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  9. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is severely affected by HIV/AIDS and conflict. Sexual violence as a weapon of war has been associated with concerns about heightened HIV incidence among women. Widespread rape by comba...

    Authors: Aranka Anema, Michel R Joffres, Edward Mills and Paul B Spiegel

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:11

    Content type: Debate

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  10. In 2004, Garcia-Berthou and Alcaraz published "Incongruence between test statistics and P values in medical papers," a critique of statistical errors that received a tremendous amount of attention. One of thei...

    Authors: Carl V Phillips, Richard F MacLehose and Jay S Kaufman

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:9

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  11. Only four out of 31 completed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of HIV prevention strategies against sexual transmission have shown significant efficacy. Poor adherence may have contributed to the lack of ef...

    Authors: Helen A Weiss, Judith N Wasserheit, Ruanne V Barnabas, Richard J Hayes and Laith J Abu-Raddad

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:8

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  12. Tu et al present an analysis of the equivalence of three paradoxes, namely, Simpson's, Lord's, and the suppression phenomena. They conclude that all three simply reiterate the occurrence of a change in the associ...

    Authors: Onyebuchi A Arah

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:5

    Content type: Commentary

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  13. Epidemiological studies often require measures of socio-economic position (SEP). The application of principal components analysis (PCA) to data on asset-ownership is one popular approach to household SEP measu...

    Authors: Laura D Howe, James R Hargreaves and Sharon RA Huttly

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:3

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  14. This article discusses three statistical paradoxes that pervade epidemiological research: Simpson's paradox, Lord's paradox, and suppression. These paradoxes have important implications for the interpretation of ...

    Authors: Yu-Kang Tu, David Gunnell and Mark S Gilthorpe

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008 5:2

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  15. The proportion of infant pertussis cases due to transmission from casual contact in the community has not been estimated since before the introduction of pertussis vaccines in the 1950s. This study aimed to es...

    Authors: Aaron M Wendelboe, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Poole and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:15

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  16. Environmental pollution as a cause of congenital anomalies is sometimes suspected because of clustering of anomalies in areas of higher exposure. This highlights questions around spatial heterogeneity (cluster...

    Authors: Ben G Armstrong, Helen Dolk, Sam Pattenden, Martine Vrijheid, Maria Loane, Judith Rankin, Chris E Dunn, Chris Grundy, Lenore Abramsky, Patricia A Boyd, David Stone and Diana Wellesley

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:14

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  17. Health surveys are a very important component of the epidemiology toolbox, and play a critical role in gauging population health, especially in developing countries. Research on health survey methods, however,...

    Authors: Kristof Bostoen, Oleg O Bilukha, Bridget Fenn, Oliver W Morgan, Clarence C Tam, Annemarie ter Veen and Francesco Checchi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:13

    Content type: Editorial

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  18. Malnutrition prevalence and mortality rates are increasingly used as essential indicators to assess the severity of a crisis, to follow trends, and to guide decision-making, including allocation of funds. Alth...

    Authors: Claudine Prudhon and Paul B Spiegel

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:10

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  19. In two-stage cluster surveys, the traditional method used in second-stage sampling (in which the first household in a cluster is selected) is time-consuming and may result in biased estimates of the indicator ...

    Authors: Rebecca F Grais, Angela MC Rose and Jean-Paul Guthmann

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:8

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  20. Geographical objectives and probabilistic methods are difficult to reconcile in a unique health survey. Probabilistic methods focus on individuals to provide estimates of a variable's prevalence with a certain...

    Authors: Julie Vallée, Marc Souris, Florence Fournet, Audrey Bochaton, Virginie Mobillion, Karine Peyronnie and Gérard Salem

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:6

    Content type: Methodology

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  21. Survey data are traditionally collected using pen-and-paper, with double data entry, comparison of entries and reconciliation of discrepancies before data cleaning can commence. We used Personal Digital Assist...

    Authors: Kizito Shirima, Oscar Mukasa, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg, Fatuma Manzi, Davis John, Adiel Mushi, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Marcel Tanner, Hassan Mshinda and David Schellenberg

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:5

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. Accurate tools for assessing household wealth are essential for many health studies in developing countries. Household survey and participatory wealth ranking (PWR) are two approaches to generate data for this...

    Authors: James R Hargreaves, Linda A Morison, John SS Gear, Julia C Kim, Mzamani B Makhubele, John DH Porter, Charlotte Watts and Paul M Pronyk

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:4

    Content type: Methodology

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  23. The study of inequities in health is a critical component of monitoring government obligations to uphold the rights of Indigenous Peoples. In Aotearoa/New Zealand the indigenous Māori population has a substant...

    Authors: Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie, Fiona Cram and Shirley Simmonds

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:3

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  24. An association between exposure to a risk factor and age-at-onset of disease may reflect an effect on the rate of disease occurrence or an acceleration of the disease process. The difference in age-at-onset ar...

    Authors: Jemma B Wilk and Timothy L Lash

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007 4:1

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  25. A landmark randomised trial of male circumcision (MC) in Orange Farm, South Africa recently showed a large and significant reduction in risk of HIV infection, reporting MC effectiveness of 61% (95% CI: 34%–77%...

    Authors: Kamal Desai, Marie-Claude Boily, Geoff P Garnett, Benoît R Mâsse, Stephen Moses and Robert C Bailey

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:19

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  26. Public health research and practice is faced with three problems: 1) a focus on disease instead of health, 2) consideration of risk factor/disease relationships one at a time, and 3) attention to individuals w...

    Authors: Nancy L Fleischer, Ann M Weber, Susan Gruber, Karina Z Arambula, Maya Mascarenhas, Jessica A Frasure, Constance Wang and S Leonard Syme

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:18

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  27. There are several reasons that someone might be diagnosed with more than one primary cancer. The aim of this analysis was to determine combinations of cancer types that occur more often than expected. The expe...

    Authors: Chris D Bajdik, Zenaida U Abanto, John J Spinelli, Angela Brooks-Wilson and Richard P Gallagher

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:17

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. The recent Immigration Bill debate in the United States Congress has again re-ignited the polemic regarding immigration policy. In this essay, I argue that disputes surrounding the legality of migrant workers ...

    Authors: Clarence C Tam

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:15

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  29. Modern public health strives for maximizing benefits for the highest number of people while protecting individual rights. Restrictions on individual rights are justified for two reasons-for the benefit of the ...

    Authors: Daniel A Salmon and Saad B Omer

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:13

    Content type: Commentary

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  30. Surprisingly little is known regarding the human mixing patterns relevant to the spread of close-contact infections, such as measles, influenza and meningococcal disease. This study aims to estimate the number...

    Authors: WJ Edmunds, G Kafatos, J Wallinga and JR Mossong

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:10

    Content type: Methodology

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  31. The goal of this paper is to analyze the stochastic dynamics of childhood infectious disease time series. We present an univariate time series analysis of pertussis, mumps, measles and rubella based on Box-Jen...

    Authors: Helen Trottier, Pierre Philippe and Roch Roy

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:9

    Content type: Methodology

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  32. In their commentary on my paper Phillips and Goodman suggested that counterfactual causality and considerations on causality like those by Bradford Hill are only "guideposts on the road to common sense". I arg...

    Authors: Michael Höfler

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:8

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. Regression calibration as a method for handling measurement error is becoming increasingly well-known and used in epidemiologic research. However, the standard version of the method is not appropriate for expo...

    Authors: Ingvild Dalen, John P Buonaccorsi, Petter Laake, Anette Hjartåker and Magne Thoresen

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:6

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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  34. Immigration is increasing in Italy. In 2003, 2.6 million foreign citizens lived in the country; 52% were men and the majority were young adults who migrated for work. The purpose of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Laura Cacciani, Giovanni Baglio, Lorenza Rossi, Enrico Materia, Maurizio Marceca, Salvatore Geraci, Angela Spinelli, John Osborn and Gabriella Guasticchi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2006 3:4

    Content type: Analytic perspective

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