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  1. Menstrual health (MH) is a recognised global public health challenge. Poor MH may lead to absence from school and work, and adverse health outcomes. However, reviews suggest a lack of rigorous evidence for the...

    Authors: Vishna Shah, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Julie Hennegan, Sue Cavill, Bakary Sonko, Edrisa Sinjanka, Nyima Camara Trawally, Abdou Kanteh, Francois Mendy, Amadou B. Bah, Momodou Saar, Ian Ross, Wolf Schmidt and Belen Torondel
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:6
  2. Conducting qualitative research within public health trials requires balancing timely data collection with the need to maintain data quality. Verbatim transcription of interviews is the conventional way of rec...

    Authors: Zelee Hill, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang, Betty Kirkwood and Carl Kendall
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:5
  3. Collaborative research is being increasingly implemented in Africa to study health-related issues, for example, the lack of evidence on disease burden, in particular for the presumptive high load of foodborne ...

    Authors: Binyam N. Desta, Tesfaye Gobena, Custodia Macuamule, Olanrewaju E. Fayemi, Christianah I. Ayolabi, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Kate M. Thomas, Warren Dodd, Sara M. Pires, Shannon E. Majowicz and Tine Hald
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:4
  4. The present study aims to determine the structure of morbidity in workers contacting industrial aerosols, assess the timeliness of diagnosing dust-induced lung disease in major industrial centers, and optimize...

    Authors: Alla Philippova, Raisa Aringazina, Gulnara Kurmanalina and Vladimir Beketov
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:3
  5. In Ethiopia, about two-third of women in the reproductive-age do not use any method of contraception. Moreover, evidence on non-use of contraceptives among women who do not have future fertility desires are li...

    Authors: Kusse Urmale Mare, Setognal Birara Aychiluhm, Abay Woday Tadesse and Osman Ahmed Mohammed
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:2
  6. Globally adopted health and development milestones have not only encouraged improvements in the health and wellbeing of women and infants worldwide, but also a better understanding of the epidemiology of key o...

    Authors: Caitlin Shannon, Chris Hurt, Seyi Soremekun, Karen Edmond, Sam Newton, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang, Zelee Hill, Alexander Manu, Ben Weobong, Betty Kirkwood and Lisa Hurt
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2022 19:1
  7. Successful implementation of community-based research is dominantly influenced by participation and engagement from the local community without which community members will not want to participate in research ...

    Authors: Sam Newton, Guus Ten Asbroek, Zelee Hill, Charlotte Tawiah Agyemang, Seyi Soremekun, Seeba Amenga Etego and Betty Kirkwood
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:19
  8. Risk ratio is a popular effect measure in epidemiological research. Although previous research has suggested that logistic regression may provide biased odds ratio estimates when the number of events is small ...

    Authors: Kanako Fuyama, Yasuhiro Hagiwara and Yutaka Matsuyama
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:18
  9. One of the emerging themes in epidemiology is the use of interval estimates. Currently, three interval estimates for confidence (CI), prediction (PI), and tolerance (TI) are at a researcher's disposal and are ...

    Authors: Sonja Hartnack and Malgorzata Roos
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:17
  10. Through a nationally representative household survey in Afghanistan, we conducted an operational study in two relatively secure provinces comparing effectiveness of computer-aided personal interviewing (CAPI) ...

    Authors: Christina Mergenthaler, Rajpal Singh Yadav, Sohrab Safi, Ente Rood and Sandra Alba
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:16
  11. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)—the most common viral cause of bronchiolitis—is a significant cause of serious illness among young children between the ages of 0–5 years and is especially concerning in the f...

    Authors: Jose Antonio Navarro Alonso, Louis J. Bont, Elena Bozzola, Egbert Herting, Federico Lega, Silke Mader, Marta C. Nunes, Octavio Ramilo, George Valiotis, Catherine Weil Olivier, Ann Yates and Saul N. Faust
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:15
  12. Women’s empowerment is a multidimensional construct which varies by context. These variations make it challenging to have a concrete definition that can be measured quantitatively. Having a standard composite ...

    Authors: Andrew Evarist Mganga, Jenny Renju, Jim Todd, Michael Johnson Mahande and Seema Vyas
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:13
  13. This paper introduces the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method to be applied in explaining inequality in health outcome across any two groups. In order to understand every aspect of the inequality, multiple reg...

    Authors: Ebrahim Rahimi and Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:12
  14. The use of meta-analysis to aggregate the results of multiple studies has increased dramatically over the last 40 years. For homogeneous meta-analysis, the Mantel–Haenszel technique has typically been utilized...

    Authors: Lawrence M. Paul
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:11
  15. Today’s most troublesome population health challenges are often driven by social and environmental determinants, which are difficult to model using traditional epidemiological methods. We agree with those who ...

    Authors: Eric Silverman, Umberto Gostoli, Stefano Picascia, Jonatan Almagor, Mark McCann, Richard Shaw and Claudio Angione
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:10
  16. Health surveys provide a rich array of information but on relatively small numbers of individuals and evidence suggests that they are becoming less representative as response levels fall. Routinely collected a...

    Authors: Frank Popham, Elise Whitley, Oarabile Molaodi and Linsay Gray
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:9
  17. To illustrate the public health potential of linking individual bedside data with community-based household data in a poor rural setting, we estimated excess pediatric mortality risk after discharge from St Fr...

    Authors: Oscar Mukasa, Honorati Masanja, Don DeSavigny and Joanna Schellenberg
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:4
  18. In South Africa, age-disparate to sexual relationships where the age difference between partners is 5 years or greater is an important contributor to the spread of HIV. However, little is known about the predi...

    Authors: Musawenkosi Mabaso, Lungelo Mlangeni, Lehlogonolo Makola, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Inbarani Naidoo, Yogandra Naidoo, Buyisile Chibi, Khangelani Zuma and Leickness Simbayi
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:3
  19. Non-sensitive and non-specific observation of outcomes in time-to-event data affects event counts as well as the risk sets, thus, biasing the estimation of hazard ratios. We investigate how imperfect observati...

    Authors: Ulrike Baum, Sangita Kulathinal and Kari Auranen
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2021 18:1
  20. Worsening socioeconomic conditions in rural America have been fueling increases in chronic disease and poor health. The goal of this study was to identify cost-effective methods of deploying geographically tar...

    Authors: David C. Lee, Nancy A. McGraw, Kelly M. Doran, Amanda K. Mengotto, Sara L. Wiener, Andrew J. Vinson and Lorna E. Thorpe
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2020 17:3
  21. A key aspect of the article by Lousdal on instrumental variables was a discussion of the monotonicity assumption. However, there was no mention of the history of the development of this assumption. The purpose...

    Authors: Stuart G. Baker
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2020 17:2

    The original article was published in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:1

  22. We commend Nickerson and Brown on their insightful exposition of the mathematical algebra behind Simpson’s paradox, suppression and Lord’s paradox; we also acknowledge there can be differences in how Lord’s pa...

    Authors: Mark S. Gilthorpe and Yu-Kang Tu
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2020 17:1

    The original article was published in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2019 16:5

  23. Tu et al. (Emerg Themes Epidemiol 5:2, 2008. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​1742-7622-5-2) asserted that suppression, Simpson’s Paradox, and Lord’s Paradox are all the same phenomenon—the reversal paradox. In the revers...

    Authors: Carol A. Nickerson and Nicholas J. L. Brown
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2019 16:5

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2020 17:1

  24. The journal published a review of the literature on recursive partition in epidemiological research comparing two decision tree methods: classification and regression trees (CARTs) and conditional inference tr...

    Authors: Stefano Nembrini
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2019 16:4
  25. Health monitoring in Germany falls short on generating timely, reliable and representative data among migrants, especially transient and marginalized groups such as asylum seekers and refugees (ASR). We aim to...

    Authors: Louise Biddle, Natalja Menold, Martina Bentner, Stefan Nöst, Rosa Jahn, Sandra Ziegler and Kayvan Bozorgmehr
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2019 16:3
  26. Vulnerability has become a key concept in emergency response research and is being critically discussed across several disciplines. While the concept has been adopted into global health, its conceptualisation ...

    Authors: Charlotte Christiane Hammer, Julii Brainard, Alexandria Innes and Paul R. Hunter
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2019 16:2
  27. Participation in epidemiologic studies has declined, raising concerns about selection bias. While estimates derived from epidemiologic studies have been shown to be robust under a wide range of scenarios, addi...

    Authors: Laura A. Schieve, Shericka Harris, Matthew J. Maenner, Aimee Alexander and Nicole F. Dowling
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:12
  28. Information on the size of populations is crucial for planning of service and resource allocation to communities in need of health interventions. In resource limited settings, reliable census data are often no...

    Authors: Stephen Nash, Victoria Tittle, Andrew Abaasa, Richard E. Sanya, Gershim Asiki, Christian Holm Hansen, Heiner Grosskurth, Saidi Kapiga and Chris Grundy
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:11
  29. Representative surveys collecting weight, height and MUAC are used to estimate the prevalence of acute malnutrition. The results are then used to assess the scale of malnutrition in a population and type of nu...

    Authors: Emmanuel Grellety and Michael H. Golden
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:8
  30. Program Science is an iterative, multi-phase research and program framework where programs drive the scientific inquiry, and both program and science are aligned towards a collective goal of improving populati...

    Authors: Marissa Becker, Sharmistha Mishra, Sevgi Aral, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Rob Lorway, Kalada Green, John Anthony, Shajy Isac, Faran Emmanuel, Helgar Musyoki, Lisa Lazarus, Laura H. Thompson, Eve Cheuk and James F. Blanchard
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:7
  31. Central to the study of populations, and therefore to the analysis of the development of countries undergoing major transitions, is the calculation of fertility patterns and their dependence on different varia...

    Authors: Robert W. Eyre, Thomas House, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé and Frances E. Griffiths
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:5
  32. Literature surrounding the statistical modeling of childhood growth data involves a diverse set of potential models from which investigators can choose. However, the lack of a comprehensive framework for compa...

    Authors: Matthew R. Grigsby, Junrui Di, Andrew Leroux, Vadim Zipunnikov, Luo Xiao, Ciprian Crainiceanu and William Checkley
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:4
  33. Postmenstrual and/or gestational age-corrected age (CA) is required to apply child growth standards to children born preterm (< 37 weeks gestational age). Yet, CA is rarely used in epidemiologic studies in low...

    Authors: Nandita Perumal, Daniel E. Roth, Johnna Perdrizet, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Iná S. Santos, Alicia Matijasevich and Diego G. Bassani
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:3
  34. Understanding the context of a health programme is important in interpreting evaluation findings and in considering the external validity for other settings. Public health researchers can be imprecise and inco...

    Authors: Kate Sabot, Tanya Marchant, Neil Spicer, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Nasir Umar and Joanna Schellenberg
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:2
  35. The instrumental variable method has been employed within economics to infer causality in the presence of unmeasured confounding. Emphasising the parallels to randomisation may increase understanding of the un...

    Authors: Mette Lise Lousdal
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2018 15:1

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2020 17:2

  36. When an outcome variable is missing not at random (MNAR: probability of missingness depends on outcome values), estimates of the effect of an exposure on this outcome are often biased. We investigated the exte...

    Authors: R. P. Cornish, J. Macleod, J. R. Carpenter and K. Tilling
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:14
  37. Epidemiologic surveillance of lung function is key to clinical care of individuals with cystic fibrosis, but lung function decline is nonlinear and often impacted by acute respiratory events known as pulmonary...

    Authors: Dan Li, Ruth Keogh, John P. Clancy and Rhonda D. Szczesniak
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:13
  38. Cluster randomised trials (CRTs) often use geographical areas as the unit of randomisation, however explicit consideration of the location and spatial distribution of observations is rare. In many trials, the ...

    Authors: Christopher Jarvis, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Daniel Lewis, Neal Alexander and W. John Edmunds
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:12
  39. In many studies, it is of interest to identify population subgroups that are relatively homogeneous with respect to an outcome. The nature of these subgroups can provide insight into effect mechanisms and sugg...

    Authors: Ashwini Venkatasubramaniam, Julian Wolfson, Nathan Mitchell, Timothy Barnes, Meghan JaKa and Simone French
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:11
  40. Neglected tropical diseases (NTD), account for a large proportion of the global disease burden, and their control faces several challenges including diminishing human and financial resources for those distress...

    Authors: Swati DebRoy, Olivia Prosper, Austin Mishoe and Anuj Mubayi
    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:10