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Emerging Themes in Epidemiology

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic surveillance of lung function is key to clinical care of individuals with cystic fibrosis, but lung function decline is nonlinear and often impacted by acute respiratory events known as pulmonary...

    Authors: Dan Li, Ruth Keogh, John P. Clancy and Rhonda D. Szczesniak

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:13

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  2. Content type: Review

    Cluster randomised trials (CRTs) often use geographical areas as the unit of randomisation, however explicit consideration of the location and spatial distribution of observations is rare. In many trials, the ...

    Authors: Christopher Jarvis, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Daniel Lewis, Neal Alexander and W. John Edmunds

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:12

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  3. Content type: Analytic perspective

    In many studies, it is of interest to identify population subgroups that are relatively homogeneous with respect to an outcome. The nature of these subgroups can provide insight into effect mechanisms and sugg...

    Authors: Ashwini Venkatasubramaniam, Julian Wolfson, Nathan Mitchell, Timothy Barnes, Meghan JaKa and Simone French

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:11

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  4. Content type: Review

    Neglected tropical diseases (NTD), account for a large proportion of the global disease burden, and their control faces several challenges including diminishing human and financial resources for those distress...

    Authors: Swati DebRoy, Olivia Prosper, Austin Mishoe and Anuj Mubayi

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:10

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  5. Content type: Analytic perspective

    The preferred method to evaluate public health interventions delivered at the level of whole communities is the cluster randomised trial (CRT). The practical limitations of CRTs and the need for alternative me...

    Authors: Wolf-Peter Schmidt

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:9

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  6. Content type: Analytic Perspective

    Multiple imputation has become very popular as a general-purpose method for handling missing data. The validity of multiple-imputation-based analyses relies on the use of an appropriate model to impute the mis...

    Authors: Cattram D. Nguyen, John B. Carlin and Katherine J. Lee

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:8

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  7. Content type: Commentary

    In the last decades, Systems Biology (including cancer research) has been driven by technology, statistical modelling and bioinformatics. In this paper we try to bring biological and philosophical thinking ba...

    Authors: Paolo Vineis, Phyllis Illari and Federica Russo

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:7

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  8. Content type: Analytic perspective

    In matched-pair cohort studies with censored events, the hazard ratio (HR) may be of main interest. However, it is lesser known in epidemiologic literature that the partial maximum likelihood estimator of a co...

    Authors: Tomohiro Shinozaki, Mohammad Ali Mansournia and Yutaka Matsuyama

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:6

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Advances in healthcare have improved the survival of children with neurological disabilities (ND). Studies in the US have shown that children with ND use a substantial proportion of resources in children’s hos...

    Authors: Jin-Xi Yuan, Marian McGowan, Irene Hadjikoumi and Buddhi Pant

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:5

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Increasing availability of the Internet allows using only online data collection for more epidemiological studies. We compare response patterns in a population-based health survey using two survey designs: mix...

    Authors: Nicole Rübsamen, Manas K. Akmatov, Stefanie Castell, André Karch and Rafael T. Mikolajczyk

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:4

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Obtaining population-level estimates of the incidence and prevalence of dementia is challenging due to under-diagnosis and under-reporting. We investigated the feasibility of using multiple linked datasets and...

    Authors: Michael Waller, Gita D. Mishra and Annette J. Dobson

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:3

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  12. Content type: Review

    Epidemiology has contributed in many ways to identifying various risk factors for disease and to promoting population health. However, there is a continuing debate about the ability of epidemiology not only to...

    Authors: Mario Bach, Susanne Jordan, Susanne Hartung, Claudia Santos-Hövener and Michael T. Wright

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:2

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  13. Content type: Research article

    There are many examples of physiological processes that follow a circadian cycle and researchers are interested in alternative methods to illustrate and quantify this diurnal variation. Circadian blood pressur...

    Authors: Jamie M. Madden, Xia Li, Patricia M. Kearney, Kate Tilling and Anthony P. Fitzgerald

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2017 14:1

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cluster surveys provide rapid but representative estimates of key nutrition indicators in humanitarian crises. For these surveys, an accurate estimate of the design effect is critical to calculate a sample siz...

    Authors: Erin N. Hulland, Curtis J. Blanton, Eva Z. Leidman and Oleg O. Bilukha

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:13

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional surveillance remains generally weak and early warning systems are needed in areas with high burden of acute under-nutrition. In order to enhance insight into nutritional surveillance, a community-b...

    Authors: Mathias Altmann, Christophe Fermanian, Boshen Jiao, Chiara Altare, Martin Loada and Mark Myatt

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:12

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Electronic linkage of UK cohorts to routinely collected National Health Service (NHS) records provides virtually complete follow-up for cause-specific hospital admissions and deaths. The reliability of dementi...

    Authors: Anna Brown, Oksana Kirichek, Angela Balkwill, Gillian Reeves, Valerie Beral, Cathie Sudlow, John Gallacher and Jane Green

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:11

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Verbal autopsy (VA) is a widely used technique for assigning causes to non-medically certified deaths using information gathered from a close caregiver. Both operational and cultural factors may cause delays i...

    Authors: Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Max Petzold, Mark Collinson, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn and Peter Byass

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:10

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  18. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that safe delivery in a health facility reduces the risks of maternal and infant mortality resulting from perinatal complications. What is less understood are the factors associated with safe ...

    Authors: Daniel A. Sprague, Caroline Jeffery, Nadine Crossland, Thomas House, Gareth O. Roberts, William Vargas, Joseph Ouma, Stephen K. Lwanga and Joseph J. Valadez

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:9

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dichotomisation of continuous data has statistical drawbacks such as loss of power but may be useful in epidemiological research to define high risk individuals.

    Authors: Odile Sauzet, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Matthias David, Oliver Razum and Janet L. Peacock

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:8

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Wasting is a major public health issue throughout the developing world. Out of the 6.9 million estimated deaths among children under five annually, over 800,000 deaths (11.6 %) are attributed to wasting. Wasti...

    Authors: Severine Frison, Francesco Checchi, Marko Kerac and Jennifer Nicholas

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:7

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The issue of poor response rates to population surveys has existed for some decades, but few studies have explored methods to improve the response rate in follow-up population cohort studies.

    Authors: Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Alison Cowle, Emily Banks, Louisa Jorm, Kris Rogers, Bin Jalaludin and Anne Grunseit

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:6

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  22. Content type: Methodology

    Multivariable confounder adjustment in comparative studies of newly marketed drugs can be limited by small numbers of exposed patients and even fewer outcomes. Disease risk scores (DRSs) developed in historica...

    Authors: Hiraku Kumamaru, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Robert J. Glynn, Soko Setoguchi and Joshua J. Gagne

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:5

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  23. Content type: Analytic Perspective

    In 1974 a joint FAO/UNICEF/WHO Expert Committee met to develop methods for nutrition surveillance. There has been much interest and activity in this topic since then, however there is a lack of guidance for pr...

    Authors: Veronica Tuffrey and Andrew Hall

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:4

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  24. Content type: Methodology

    The emerging burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa threatens the gains made in health by the major international effort to combat infectious diseases. There are few data on distri...

    Authors: Amelia Catharine Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Crispin Musicha, Olivier Koole, Terence Tafatatha, Keith Branson, Jacqueline Saul, Elenaus Mwaiyeghele, Lawrence Nkhwazi, Amos Phiri, Alison Jane Price, Beatrice Mwagomba, Charles Mwansambo, Shabbar Jaffar and Moffat Joha Nyirenda

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:3

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  25. Content type: Review

    The obesity epidemic has emerged over the past few decades and is thought to be a result of both genetic and environmental factors. A newly identified factor, the gut microbiota, which is a bacterial ecosystem...

    Authors: Lara R. Dugas, Miles Fuller, Jack Gilbert and Brian T. Layden

    Citation: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2016 13:2

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